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Korea, Pakistan historically very close and enjoying exemplary relations 제목의 특집판을 발간...

이슬라마바드에서 발간되는 월간 잡지 Diplomatic Focus는 8일 발간된 7월호에 부임 1년이 되는 제 사진을 표지로 하여 Korea, Pakistan historically very close and enjoying exemplary relations 제목의 특집판을 발간하였습니다.

2014년 국무총리님과 국회의장 님의 파키스탄 방문과 제가 작년 8월 파키스탄 대통령께 신임장 제정이후 상하원 의장, 각부 장관, 샤바즈 샤리프 펀잡주 선임장관 및 지역 상공회의소 방문, 대학 강연,국경일 행사 화보와 함께 Mian Fazal Elahi 편집장 겸 사장 인터뷰를 17페이지(총 페이지 110페이지)에 걸쳐 실었습니다.

인터뷰 기사는 다음과 같습니다.

Q: Y...
our Excellency first all the team of diplomatic Focus is thankful to you for giving precious time to interact with Pakistani nation through an interview. Excellency would you like to share your profile including your career and experiences as a diplomat?

Thank you, it is always a pleasure for me to interact with the very vibrant media in Pakistan.
I graduated from Seoul National University, which is considered to be Korea’s best academic institution in 1968. I did M.A. in Political Science in 1972 also from Seoul National University. In 1984 I did my second Master’s degree, MALD from Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University in Massachusetts, USA. In 2002 I got my Ph.D. in Political Science from Hanyang University in Korea.
I started my career in 1968 as an instructor of International Law and Political Science at the Naval Academy. I worked as an expert in international and inter-Korean affairs in the Korean Government, including a memorable time in the Office of the President, the Blue House. Later, I served as Minister of the Korean Mission to the United Nations and also at the Korean Embassy in Washington DC till 1997. After 1998, for 15 years, I was a professor of International Relations at the Chungbuk National University and at Myoungji University in Korea. In June 2013 I was appointed as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. I am the only ambassador who has the distinction of working with both, the current President Park Geun-hye, and her father, former President Park Chung-hee.

Q: Korea and Pakistan are historically very close and enjoying exemplary relations. Could you highlight historical perspectives of Pak-Korea ties?

Diplomatic ties between our friendly countries date back to 1983. However, the relations between our people date back to the fourth century when Maranantha, a famous Buddhist monk, visited the Taxila region and then introduced Buddhism to Korea. And another famous Korean monk, Heycho, visited this area in the 8th century and wrote a travelogue named “Wang Ocheonchukguk Jeon” which means, "Memoir of the Pilgrimage to the Five Kingdoms(now Kashmir, Gilgit and Peshawar in Pakistan) of India."
Pakistan and Korea became newly born countries very close to each other:
Pakistan became independent on 14th August, 1947, while
Korea gained independence on 15th August, 1948.
Since then, the level of cooperation between Pakistan and Korea has been increasing steadily in many fields to generate win-win outcomes for both our people.
Cooperation and coordination between Korea and Pakistan is very strong not only bilateral level but also at the international forum like United Nations where our two countries often support each other’s candidates for various posts and also have similar stances on many international issues.

Q: Korea is a beautiful country comprising all sorts of natural beauty, landscapes, seashores, rivers, forests etc. Korea is using tourism industry very effectively for the development of the country. Would you like to express key factors which helped the Korean government to establish remarkable tourism industry?

There are a lot of interesting things for tourists to see and experience. Korea is blessed with a very beautiful variety of natural scenery, and this is augmented by a very rich cultural tradition that dates back many centuries. In the past few decades, the technological advances in Korea have also started to attract visitors. In recent years we have observed the K-wave, which refers to the rising popularity of Korean drama, music and arts across the world, especially in Asia. For example, Psy has become a globally recognized star and his Gangnam Style has recorded over 2 billion hits on youtube. As the K-wave spreads there has been an increased interest in Korea as a tourist destination.

Q: Different high level delegations from Korea and Pakistan visited both the countries and signed important agreements to boost bilateral cooperation. Could you shed light on the nature of these agreements as well as the implementation on accords? Moreover, kindly highlight level of bilateral cooperation.

In December 2012 President Asif Ali Zardari visited Korea. More recently, Prime Minister Chung Hongwon visited Pakistan April 13-16 this year and the Speaker of Korean National Assembly, Kang Chang-hee, visited Pakistan in January 2014.
I think the single most important project which highlights the level of Pak-Korea cooperation is the Islamabad-Lahore Motorway which was constructed by Daewoo. It has changed the face of Pakistan’s transport system and become a globally recognized symbol of the advancement and the potential of Pakistan.
You will be happy to know that a number of cooperative agreements were signed between trade and commerce bodies and also for setting up a hydropower plant in Gulpur. In fact, Korea is doing its best to assist Pakistan in overcoming its power crisis.
1. New Bong 84 megawatt hydro plant was built by Sambu in 2013,
2. Patrind 147 megawatt hydro plant by K-water, Daewoo construction company is scheduled to be completed by the end of January 2017,
3. Gulpur 100 megawatt hydro plant construction is likely to start by end of this year,
4. Lower Spat Gah 496 megawatt hydro plant is being initiated by KOMIPO shortly.
5. Lowari Tunnel construction by Sambu is underway and also financing over 78 million dollars under EDCF for Malakand Tunnel project.
In addition to these projects, KOICA, the implementing agency of the Korean Government, which is in charge of grant aid and technical cooperation programs in Pakistan, has seven ongoing bilateral and multilateral projects in health, sanitation, education and infrastructure.

Q: It is proven that people to people contacts always help boost relationships among nations as Korean and Pakistani are enjoying excellent relations. Do you think these persisting ties can be strengthened by employing more effective policies?

People-to-people contact is one of my focus areas. I am happy to note that there are an ever increasing number of Pakistanis who are learning the Korean language. Every year one thousand Pakistani workers go to Korea for employment through Employment Permit System. Finally, increasing Korean investment in Pakistan is bringing more and more Koreans to Pakistan every year.

Q: Your Excellency would you like to inform about level of trade between South Korea and Pakistan, and what opportunities or facilities are available in South Korea for Pakistani businessmen?

In 2013 the bilateral trade between Korea and Pakistan was $1.34 billion. Last year the trade volume between Korea and the world was over $1 trillion and ranked as world number 9th. Compared to this amount, Pakistan-Korea trade volume is very small. I will try my best to increase this as much as possible. There is a large potential to improve this, which presents great opportunities for both Korean and Pakistani businessmen. As I just mentioned, during Korean PM’s visit to Pakistan a number of MOUs were signed between trade and commercial bodies of Korea and Pakistan. It is my hope that businessmen on both sides take full advantage of these opportunities.

Q: A small number of Pakistani students are getting education in different parts of Korea. Would you like to discuss opportunities for Pakistani students who want to study there, and what is legal procedure that could be followed in order to get visa without any difficulty and is there any cultural and student exchange cooperation between the both countries?

The Korean education system is highly regarded in the world. Getting a visa for educational purposes is not hard at all for genuine students if they have admission in universities in Korea.
There are 4 types of Pakistani students in Korea:
1. Students who pay their own fees, also called self-financed,
2. Students on a Pakistan Government scholarship,
3. Students on a Korean government or a Korean University scholarship and
4. Exchange students between universities.
Every year Korea offers a number of scholarships and sponsored visits to Pakistani students for various courses and events, especially through GKS Program (Global Korea Scholarship).
I would recommend that Pakistani students interested in going to Korea for their higher studies can get information through our Embassy directly and Pakistani government.

Q: About a large numbers of Pakistanis are residing in Korea and they rendering different services in the development of South Korea; as immigrant friendly country what kind of facilities are existing for them and how Korean government take care of them?

There are many Pakistanis living in Korea and contributing positively to the Korean economy. I can assure you that every single Pakistani is adequately protected by the Korean government. For example our government supports foreigners through Multicultural Homecare System.

Q: Being an Ambassador of Korea you have spent a year (as of end of June) in Pakistan so how you find its people and culture?

Pakistan is a beautiful country and it has a rich history and culture. Even though there are large distances between Korea and Pakistan, there are many similarities between our countries and the attitudes of our people. For example, hospitality and respect for elders. I am very grateful for the hospitality and the respect that I have received in Pakistan so I am very happy to be here.

Q: What are you going to do enhance relations between Korea and Pakistan?

My aim is to induce greater friendship between our two nations and to increase our trade volume to three times its current levels.
Firstly, I meet many people, including government officials, business people and private friends from many fields including economy, political, culture, education, press etc.
Secondly, I have been giving lectures at various forums which include academic forums (such as Forman Christian College, Roots School Systems, and Oxford-Cambridge Club) and corporate forums (such as various Chambers of Commerce.)
I also have extensive media interaction. I would like to introduce 3 articles I have contributed to newspapers in Pakistan. The first was published in ‘Express Tribune’ with the title ‘Two Wings of Genuine Success’ on Jan 29, 2014. The second was published in ‘The News’ with title ‘Pakistan: From Security Concerns to Potentiality’ on Feb 24 2014. The third ‘Opening up Pakistan’s massive market with first visit of Korean Prime Minister’ was published on April 15, 2014.
I have also written articles about Pakistan’s potential in Korean media. I am sure these articles will help Pakistani and Koreans to understand my general thoughts about relations between two countries.
Apart from the print media, I have also given a few interviews to the digital media including PTV, News one and Waqt News.

Diplomatic Focus: Thank You again your Excellency.



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